In 1897, Swami Vivekananda established The Ramakrishna Mission for the sake of service of humanity on the basis of the ideology of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahansa. A branch of Ramakrishna Mission was started at Dhaka in 1899 for the service of humanity and dissemination of religion.
In 1914, the Ramakrishna Mission Free School was established with free of cost education irrespective of cast, creed and religion. It was a primary level institution for educating the poor and underprivileged students.
In 1916, the first three classes of Matriculation School were opened. The Brhmmacharies and Ashrama dwellers taught in the classes as volunteer basis. The school has 4 teachers and 41 students only. The students were full free of tuition fees and very poor pupils got books and materials from the school free of cost. The teachers always tried to improve the ethical values of the students providing oral advices utmost. Football and different native games were arranged in the evening every day.
Swami Vijnyananda came to Dhaka Ramakrishna Mission and visited the school. Nagen Maharaj was the headmaster at that time. The single storied school building was built in this year of 1935.
An extension of night section of the Ramakrishna Mission Free School was also started once during this course of journey and the Junior High School (up to class VIII) was started in 1956.
In 1971, during the Liberation war of Bangladesh, name of the school was changed illegally to Gopibag Junior High school. But it was again renamed as previous after liberation war.
After the emergence of Bangladesh in 1971, Swami Akshrananda had come as Secretary of the Mission in 19.. . In war-distressed independent Bangladesh, the relief materials of Ramakrishna Mission like biscuits, baby foods, milk, blanquettes etc. were distributed among the students of RKMHS also. The monks from India visited Dhaka for relief works taught in the classes also.
The 1st floor was built during 1984-85 on existing school building. Before that, it was a semi-pakka building where Sanskritk Bhaban is standing now.
Library of the Ramakrishna Mission is always an extra attraction for the students with its huge and variety of book collections. It was situated in Saurindra Prasad Bhaban early. After completion of Sanskriti Bhaban, the library has been shifted there.
Belur Math, Kolkata, the head quarter of Ramakrishna Mission has approved the proposal for a High School in 1998. But, after a long interval, the school started its class IX in 2001 and in the following year class X.
The school got the recognition form Ministry of Education for open the class IX from 01 Jan 2008; and the students of RKMHS appeared in SSC exam from own school in 2010 for the first time.
Swami Ameyanand came to Dhaka as Adhyaksha of Ramakrishna Math & Mission in 2011. He is now Guru Maharaj of the Shri Ramakrishna Math, Dhaka. Swami Dhrubeshananda is the recent Adhyaksha of Ramakrishna Math & RamakrishnaMission, Dhaka since 2014. Both of them have created a great emphasis on improving the quality of RKMHS.
8 Nov 2014 is another memorable day for RKMHS; Centenary of the school has been observed befittingly. The festival was inaugurated by Md. Najrul Islam Khan, Secretary, Ministry of Education. Prof. Aminul Islam, Dept. of Philosophy, Dhaka University and Shrimat Swami Gnyanalokananda, Adhyaksha, Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith, Puruliya, India was the Special Guest of the inauguration session. Session is chaired by Justice Shri Gaurgopal Saha, Chairman of the RKMHS. Hundreds of alumni attended the ceremony with delighted mind to recall their panoramic-past. The Ramakrishna mission High School is always trying to convey and disseminate Swamijee’s “Man making education”. That’s why huge number of students of this institution are now established them in different sectors of the country and abroad as Civil Servant, Professor, Doctor, Engineer, Lawyer, Banker, Businessman and in many other professions. Those students could not be forgotten the name of Swami Premeshanandajee, Moulivi Abdus Sobhan, Shri Harishankar Das (Daktar sir), Md. Nur Mohammed, Shri Rabindranath Sarker, Swami Chandranathanandajee, Swami Gurusevanandajee, Swami Purnabratanandajee, Swami Atmabivanandajee, Swami Kalikeshanandajee, Swami Kalpeshanandajee, Swami Rasamoyanandajee, Br. Amoghachaitanyajee and many other teachers who taught and enlightened them in patch of time.